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National symbols

Croatia has several national symbols representing the country’s history, culture, and identity. Here are some of the most important national symbols of Croatia:

Coat of arms

The Croatian coat of arms features a red-and-white checkerboard shield dating back to the medieval kingdom of Croatia. The shield is topped by five smaller shields representing different regions of Croatia.


The Croatian flag is red, white, and blue, with the red-and-white checkerboard shield in the center. The colors and pattern of the flag also have historical significance, representing different parts of Croatia’s past.

National anthem

The Croatian national anthem is “Lijepa naša domovino” (Our Beautiful Homeland), which was written in the 19th century and adopted as the official anthem in 1972.

National flower

The Croatian national flower is the iris, which is commonly found throughout the country and is often used in traditional Croatian embroidery.

National costume

The traditional Croatian national costume varies by region, but typically features bright colors, intricate patterns, and embroidery. Women’s costumes often include a headdress or headscarf, while men’s costumes may include a vest or waistcoat.

These national symbols represent the unique and diverse culture and history of Croatia and are an important part of the country’s national identity.